Role of Parliaments of the Asia-Pacific Group of States in Protection of Human and Civil Rights and Freedoms
The problem of protection of the human and his civil rights is topical for the whole world community as human rights affirmed in constitutions of various states quite often have a declarative character that leads to their infringement. The recognition of human and civil rights and freedoms is an attribute of the legal system of any state where the democratic and legal organization of public power is guaranteed, therefore, in modern conditions a problem of protection of human and civil rights and freedoms gains the greatest importance for the whole international community. In this study, the researchers consider the functions and powers of parliaments of Foreign countries in human rights activity. It determines the key role of parliament in assistance to human rights distribution and their protection. As a result of the conducted research the researcher comes to a conclusion that the effective implementation of the function on protection of civil rights demands the effective, really functioning mechanism of protection of human and civil rights and freedoms. First of all, the human rights role of parliament is expressed in the legislative activity. Efforts organizing the state work, its bodies, parliamentarians and also public organizations including political parties on the implementation of instructions of the constitution are necessary for the effective realization of constitutional norms. The reality of the basic law, affirmed human rights and freedoms have to be provided with the development and deepening of political, social and economic and organizational guarantees. In the Asia-Pacific countries a problem of protection of human rights is also topical. In the Russian Federation parliament, its structural divisions, deputies, taking part in creation of laws, try not only to affirm most fully legislatively human and civil rights and freedoms but also to create effectively operating systems and levers of their realization to establish responsibility for violations.
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